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International Journal of Sustainable Transportation Technology

Keyword: Structural analysis

original research article

Structural Design and Analysis of Electric Car Engine Mount

I Nyoman Adhywinaya, Bentang Arief Budiman

Pages 32-37

In this paper, the analysis of engine mounting structures that will be applied to electric vehicles is conducted. The engine mounting structure will be subjected to static loading from the mounted components assembly, including the assembly of the gearbox, electric motor, and corresponding brackets. In the structure arrangement, HSLA material is mostly used and general structural steel such as AISI 4130 is also used. This study aims to evaluate the existing design so that further optimization steps can be carried out. Simulations and analysis with a static approach were performed using SOLIDWORKS. The stress and displacement contours are then created, and the location of the critical points of maximum stress and maximum deflection can be obtained so that the safety factor of the design can be evaluated. Based on the simulation results, the current safety factor value is very high when compared to using materials with lower physical properties. In addition, it is necessary to develop further studies involving dynamic loading so that it can also be considered to reduce production costs and increase production efficiency.
original research article

Lightweight Design and Structural Analysis of a Wheel Rim Using Finite Element Method and Its Effect on Fuel Economy and Carbon Dioxide Emission

Towhidul Islam, Shakik Ahnaf, Md. Muntashir Mamun, Abu Saleh Muhammad Musa

Pages 12-21

Wheel rims made of metal alloy considerably impact the vehicle’s overall weight. Consequently, employing alloys in the design of wheels results in higher fuel efficiency and lower carbon dioxide emissions. Weight reduction of vehicles also leads to better acceleration. Lightweight automotive design has been increasingly popular in recent years as a means of conserving energy and protecting the environment. The rim is an essential feature of the vehicle since it bears a substantial portion of its overall weight. A vehicle’s weight can be greatly reduced by using a lightweight rim. However, the impact of a lightweight rim on improved fuel economy and reduced carbon dioxide emissions has not been widely explored. In this study, a wheel rim has been designed, and a finite element model has been developed considering radial load, where tire pressure has also been considered. A practical experiment with identical parameters had also been carried out. The values of equivalent stress, strain, and deformation for a metal and an alloy which is steel and cast aluminum alloy (A356.0), respectively, have been compared. In terms of structural stability, steel and cast aluminum alloy have shown fairly similar results based on equivalent stress and deformation. However, the use of cast aluminum alloy has greatly decreased the rim’s weight as a result of its low density and high specific strength. Additionally, the aluminum alloy rim has shown superior fuel efficiency and lower carbon dioxide emissions. According to the findings, cast aluminum alloy rims are more feasible when building a vehicle wheel rim since they minimize the wheel’s and vehicle’s weight while maintaining structural strength. It leads to less fuel consumption, which can save fuel costs and is important for energy conservation.